Behaviour Policy – Stocklake Park
The purpose of this policy is to promote a secure, safe, consistent and caring environment where all students and staff can feel safe and happy and able to concentrate on teaching and learning.
Effective and successful behaviour management is an essential part of curriculum delivery at Stocklake Park School. We believe that all young people have the right to learn in a supportive and caring environment, which enables them to learn respect for themselves, others and the wider community. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to work in partnership with parents and all members of the school community to promote positive attitudes and relationships. By learning to accept that individual students are responsible for their own behaviour in terms of their relationships with others and their attitude and application to the learning process, they will move to becoming successful learners. Eventually these skills will become a way of life and help them on the road to becoming successful adults.
All members of the school community have a right to be treated with respect. Within the school we recognise and celebrate effort and success so that students feel valued. Students will be taught to take responsibility for their actions and to accept the consequences of the choices they make. This is set out within the Home/School agreement for pupils and discussed with pupils and parents on entry to the school.
Behaviour difficulties in some of our pupils may arise from characteristics associated with a range of learning difficulties, for example autism, communication difficulties, sensory processing difficulties. Challenging and unwanted behaviour may be a reaction to these difficulties and an attempt for the individual to control a situation or communicate distress or frustration. As professionals working in a mutually supportive partnership with parents we seek to understand each student’s behaviours in the wider context of the individual, their difficulties and their response to their environment at school and at home.
Whilst we empathise that certain behaviours are characteristic of and arise from their special educational needs, we teach appropriate social skills and coping strategies to help each student understand and accept boundaries of reasonable behaviour. We aim to understand the underlying factors causing the behaviour in order to respond positively, consistently and effectively. Our responses will be consistent and will be in line with their long-term behaviour targets (where appropriate). Responses will depend on the individual needs of the student and their level of comprehension, their difficulties and their motivation. We will provide structures and strategies to empower the individual to manage their own behaviour where possible, promote independence, enhance communication and social skills and raise self-esteem. Students will be supported in learning to evaluate themselves and agree next steps. Throughout the school day and in every aspect of school life, they will be encouraged to be responsible for themselves. Responses to behaviour will be positive, respectful and non-confrontational. We need to make clear to the student, communicating this in a meaningful way that it is the behaviour we disapprove of, not the student themselves.
It may be students’ lack of social understanding that results in undesirable behaviours. For some pupils individual social stories are written to help them understand specific situations and offer strategies to help them cope. For non-readers, social cues may be presented pictorially to help them learn appropriate behaviours in different situations.
- To secure a well ordered teaching, learning and working environment for all students.
- To develop self awareness and self control. Students are encouraged and supported to take responsibility for their own actions and behaviour where appropriate.
- To provide a place where students are happy and secure.
- To encourage the development of positive behaviour patterns and an understanding of the consequences of their actions through positive behaviour management strategies.
- To develop an understanding of the importance of socially acceptable behaviour within communities.
- To provide a consistent approach to behaviour management where all staff and students understand clear expectations and guidelines.
- To respect the rights and property of others
- To encourage a positive attitude towards work
- To seek to be honest and encourage personal integrity
- To learn the value of friendships and develop trusting relationships
- We aim to provide a happy, healthy, mutually respectful working environment for our students and staff, where bullying, intimidation or interference by any party will not be tolerated
- High expectations of behaviour are reinforced in lessons, assemblies, through the PSHE programme, and through reflection and reward times in school
- Certain expectations are made clear to students to enable effective learning – e.g, “good looking, listening, sitting and waiting”. Where appropriate these are symbolised and displayed in classes.
- Where set, behaviour targets are discussed by a multi disciplinary team including parents at Annual Reviews, parents’ evenings or other professional meetings.
- Management plans are in place to identify behaviours and linked strategies to support all children as appropriate
- Liaison with parents takes place through a daily home school diary, phone calls, letters, e-mails and at parents evening and other meetings. There is a partnership approach between home and school. Where appropiate a home visit may take place
- Expectations are defined and agreed between student, parents and staff via the ‘Home School Agreement’
Guidelines for Teaching and Non-Teaching Staff
Stocklake Park is a caring community. We have created a positive environment based upon mutual respect. All members of the school community are expected to be role models for each other, promoting positive relationships. It is important however that staff safeguard themselves and do not put themselves into positions where they might be vulnerable to allegations of abuse (Ref: Practice for the Protection of Children and Staff in Educational Settings, DES February 2005). All staff have the right to be supported by their peers and managers and are encouraged to ask for support when needed, and to offer support to colleagues.
It is the responsibility of all members of staff to enforce the Behaviour Policy with all children at all times in a consistent and agreed manner to the individual child.
Stocklake Park is committed to upholding a positive approach to behaviour. As a basis for our policy we acknowledge the philosophy promoted by ‘General Services’. Staff who have received training have this updated at regular intervals by in-school ‘General Services’ trainers.
The ‘General Services’ approach aims to meet the care and safety needs of both students and staff. Clear expectations are set by staff and early intervention and de-escalation are used to prevent situations developing, wherever possible and in most circumstances. When a student’s behaviour requires physical intervention, this will comply with the ‘General Services’ guidelines as practised and promoted within the school. Staff have a duty of care to all students, to protect them from harm and to handle them in a gentle, respectful manner. Staff also have the right to protect themselves from injury. When managing difficult behaviour staff aim for the minimum but most effective intervention – first trying diversion, distraction, backing off, talking down, moving other students away, etc. and giving the student time and space to respond to our requests. Restraint and physical handling as a form of behaviour management are to be used only in response to situations likely to result in harm to the individual or others, damage to property or disruption to the smooth running of the school and to the learning of others. (See also Positive Handling Policy)
Record Keeping, Monitoring and Evaluation
- Class staff record students’ merits and behaviour/work points on daily charts.
- Behaviour Watch is an online system for recording negative behaviour incidents as well as achievements and rewards. Staff are trained in its use and this is the established format within the school for recording behaviour issues
- Where a Management Support Plan is set up for a student, a copy of this is kept on the server and in the classroom and is available to all staff concerned
- Parents are to be given a copy of the Management Support Plan
- Student conversations or comments causing concern are recorded and shared with a member of SLT. If appropriate, this will be reported to one of the designated members of staff for safeguarding who may then seek further advice or refer to social care.
- Parents are to be given a copy of their child’s management plans.
- Individual behaviour analysis is carried out every half term for students who have a high number of incidents. This information is shared with relevant staff and informs future planning and provision for that young person.
Good work and good behaviour may be celebrated in the following ways:
- Through verbal or visual praise.
- Awarding stickers, certificates or individual rewards (relevant and motivating to the individual student), in class and/or in assembly.
- Being sent to another teacher to be praised or share work.
- Visit to Head of Department/Deputy Head of School/Principal
- Tea and biscuits/special time with the above staff.
- Note/phone call to parents.
- Choosing time – three set times throughout the day rewarding students for good behaviour and completion of work.
- Special responsibility
- Class/group treat
- Prominent display of students’ work
For low level inappropriate behaviour strategies and sanctions may include:
- A verbal reminder, pointing out the expected behaviour, rather than the unwanted behaviour.
- A verbal or visual reminder, pointing out the consequence of not complying.
- Ignore inappropriate behaviour whilst praising good behaviour
- Removal to another part of the room
- Removal from the group to work 1 to 1 with a member of staff.
- Loss of choosing time/social time supervised by a member of staff to discuss behaviour/complete unfinished work.
- Loss of a privilege to complete work missed (this must not be a curriculum activity).
- Being sent to a member of SLT to calm down and complete work.
- Phone call to parents to discuss their son/daughter’s behaviour.
- Parents informed via daily home/school diary
For higher-level disruption strategies/sanctions may include:
- Allow individual time out
- Physical intervention (See positive handling policy)
- Professionals meeting with teachers, parents, student (as appropriate) and outside agencies to consider long term plans and strategies
- Internal exclusion
- Involvement of parents
- Fixed term or permanent exclusion.
- Involvement of police
Some individual students may require the specific support of Individual Behaviour/Management Support Plans which set up specific strategies and experiences for helping a child to overcome persistent difficulties with inappropriate behaviours. These are regularly reviewed and updated and shared with all relevant staff.
Bullying is the use of aggression (verbally or physically) with the intention of hurting another person. What sets it apart from other aggressive behaviours is the intention to harm along with the repetitive nature of the aggressive behaviour and the unequal power between the aggressor and the victim.
Bullying results in pain and distress to the victim. At Stocklake Park School everyone has the right to be treated with respect and bullying of any kind is unacceptable. The school has a zero tolerance approach to bullying by adults or students and if bullying does occur, all pupils and adults should be able to tell and know that incidents will be dealt with promptly and effectively.
See Anti-Bullying policy.
Appendix 1 – Exclusion
Exclusion is a very unusual consequence at Stocklake Park and is only used under very exceptional circumstances after all other avenues have been explored. It will only be considered as part of an ongoing assessment of the individual and individual circumstance.
In all areas of the school fixed term exclusion is only implemented with the greatest reluctance. If a pupil seriously compromises the safe running of the school community, health and safety, well being of others including teaching and learning then this action may then be considered. It is important that both the student concerned and other students who may have witnessed this behaviour understand that there are consequences and clear action will be taken.
On return to school there will always be a reintegration meeting which will be conducted in a positive framework for all concerned. Parents, class teacher and either Head of Department, Deputy Head and/or Principal will be present. The participants will explore and discuss some or all of the following:
- The reason for the exclusion
- Any issues or change in circumstances that may have contributed to the behaviour
- A joint home school approach to supporting the pupil – this may be a shared behaviour support plan or agreed actions
- Any other actions that can be taken to support improvement. This may include – involvement of other agencies, increased focused home school communication, CAF etc)
The student will spend time with a member of staff on a one to one basis to enable the student to re-enter school and to ensure that he/she is able to rejoin their class in a positive manner. It is essential that the pupil and class teacher or senior support assistant have reviewed the behaviour support and targets together to give the pupil ownership of any strategies and support.
It also needs to be recognised that certain legal demands and/or health and safety issues may result in a permanent exclusion being considered.
Students who have a significant learning disability may also have challenging behaviour. This is often linked to their difficulties with communication and is addressed through teaching and learning, as part of this, some pupils will have an individual behaviour support plan.
For students who attend Stocklake Park as a consequence of their behavioural difficulties, the focus of their educational placement is to support and help them to address these issues and to improve their access to learning. Part of this process is an individual behaviour support plan and any incidents will be assessed in this context.